Samuel ANDERSON was born in North Carolina. While he later lived in Orange County, North Carolina, I don't know whether he was born there. He married Virginia/Jane BULL who apparently was his second wife, the daughter of Richard BULL, II, and his wife, Ann ANDERSON, on October 30, 1811, in Tennessee. Samuel's wife Virginia/Jane BULL was born August 17, 1789, in North Carolina, maybe Hillsboro in Orange County. [BULL PAGE] Other ancestors with ties to early Orange County, North Carolina, include the RAY family (Lucy Ann RAY was born there, married Thomas Allen RICHARDS, and was the mother of my great grandfather Sam Paisley RICHARDS); the DUNNAGAN family (both through intermarriage with the RAY family I've just described and also through Sarah Jane DUNNAGAN, the wife of Andrew WILLIAMS, whose daughter Emma WILLIAMS is described later as the wife of Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Jr.); and for my sons, the COX family line leading to your grandmother Eva LaVerne COX, wife of Billy Jack ROLLINS.
While I've mentioned that the wife of Richard BULL, II, was Ann ANDERSON, I can really tell you little more about her. The BULL book reports that her mother's maiden name was MABIN. Richard BULL, II, was a private in the Company of West Whiteland and North Goshen under Captain Evan ANDERSON, Chester County, Pennsylvania, Militia. However, ANDERSON is a bit too common a name to make the link that this must have been his father-in-law. It was not uncommon for cousins to marry each other in the period of history we're talking about, but I don't know whether Samuel ANDERSON and his bride Virginia Jane BULL, were related. One interesting tidbit from the Orange County Records is found in the will of Michael ROBINSON, which was dated July 8, 1806(?), and proven February, 1807. The will makes a number of specific bequests to children and grandchildren of the decedent, then the second from last gift, and the only one not stated to be to a descendant, is "To Jane ANDERSON daughter of Samuel ANDERSON" and is a gift of one negro child. An executor of the estate is David RAY who I could probably tie in to being kin through my grandmother Irma Lorene RICHARDS BREEDLOVE but whom I can't tie into the ANDERSON line.
I cannot name a first wife for Samuel ANDERSON but the evidence that she existed is this:
P. G. WILSON, probate judge, was born in cape Girardeau County, Mo., October 8, 1833. he is a son of Benjamin and Virginia (BULL) WILSON, natives of Virginia and North Carolina, respectively. The father moved to Southeast Missouri in 1810, and settled on the St. Francois River. he was nineteen years of age at that time, and came with his parents. He died in 1870, and his wife in 1852. They were the parents of two children: William B. and P. G. The parents were both married twice, the father having four children by his first marriage and the mother two.
To the Honorable County Court for the County of Perry, in the State of Missouri. The petition of William Anderson BULL admin'or of the Estate of Samuel ANDERSON deceased, Jane WILSON formerly Jane ANDERSON and the Widow of said deceased, Thomas JOHNSON assignee of Miles K. ANDERSON, Pinkney ANDERSON, Benjamin WILSON Guardian for Richard & Amanda ANDERSON & Wm. A BULL Guardian of Thomas ANDERSON all heirs & representatives of said Samuel ANDERSON deceased....
Samuel died without a will and the probate papers begin about February, 1834, so the marriage lasted somewhere in the neighborhood of 23 years. Facts that can be discerned from the probate records are these:
After living in Orange County, North Carolina, and Sumpter County, Tennessee, Samuel ANDERSON lived with his wife, Virginia/Jane BULL ANDERSON in Perry County, Missouri, and was one of the people who helped organize that county in 1821. He appears on a reconstructed census of Perry County, Missouri, in 1821 as follows: "ANDERSON, Samuel - Resident of Brazeau, Missouri, and Justice of the County Court in 1821. Owned 427 acres of land." He probably died in Perry County, Missouri, about 1828. He certainly died before August, 1829.
There is a Samuel ANDERSON on the tax lists for Sumner County, Tennessee, in 1811 and 1816. Since Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., his son, was born in Sumner County in 1814, and since Richard BULL, II, and wife Ann ANDERSON lived in that county, in Gallatin, this may be the correct Samuel ANDERSON. However, there was a Samuel ANDERSON who married Ann CLARK there on August 25, 1812, and one who married Jan BELLMAY there October 31, 1811. There is a Thomas ANDERSON there the same time who was a J.P., and there was at least one BULL-ANDERSON intermarriage in that county (Mary ANDERSON married William A. BULL, September 20, 1820). This was Jane's brother, William Anderson BULL.
The information recounted about Thomas ANDERSON's childhood, below, would indicate that he had grandparents in Sevier County where Gatlinburg is which is in far east Tennessee and quite a distance from Sumner County where his BULL grandparents lived and are buried. None of the Samuel ANDERSONS listed above in the census records are in Sevier County, and none of them are particularly nearby.
Samuel ANDERSON was one of the three people who organized Perry County, Missouri at the house of Bede MOORE on May 21, 1821. The voting place for the township of Brazeau in that first Perry County election was Samuel ANDERSON's house. He served as a judge of the County Court from 1821 to 1822. It would appear from the description of the duties of the three judges that the county judges were more closely akin to the role of county commissioners in current Texas government, because Timothy J. O'ROURKE in his work Perry County, Missouri: Religious Haven in the Trans-Mississippi West describes their work as including laying out a seat of justice, receiving petitions from outlying districts requesting road construction, appointing constables and township patrols, authorizing the naturalization of foreigners, regulating ferry fees, issuing tavern, grocery, and venders' licenses, settling estates, and assisting paupers and orphans.
Samuel ANDERSON had at least five children, two of whom were with his wife second wife, Jane/Virginia BULL ANDERSON WILSON. The other three would appear to have been by a previous wife. They are:
|Miles R. ANDERSON, born about 1810, who married Margaret ____ and was the father of Amanda ANDERSON born about 1843 and Mary J. ANDERSON born about 1847. The family was in ____ County, Missouri, for the 1850 census, the parents having been born in North Carolina and the children in Missouri.|
|Pinkney Knox ANDERSON who married E. C. J. TWYMAN, the license being issued November 29, 1831 in Perry County, Missouri.|
|Samuel Richard ANDERSON who on November 4, 1833, was over 14 and not yet of legal age.|
Samuel ANDERSON and wife Virginia/Jane BULL ANDERSON had these two children:
|Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., who married Columbia Bell McFERRON, the widow of Joseph ENGLISH, and who is described in the following section, and|
| Margaret Amanda ANDERSON WILSON, born August 5, 1821, in Missouri, married John Manson WILSON, October 10, 1840, in perhaps in Cane County, Missouri; died January 6, 1860. (The marriage records of Cape Girardeau County indicate the marriage there on that date and the groom's name as John Willson.) Her children were: |
Virginia/Jane BULL married, after the death of her first husband Samuel ANDERSON, Benjamin WILSON, August 3, 1829, at Perry County, Missouri. Her second husband, Benjamin WILSON, was the brother of the grandfather of President Woodrow WILSON. They are in Cape Girardeau County in 1830 on page 429, and are buried at Apple Creek Churchyard at Pocahontas, Missouri. She died in 1853 and is buried at Lorimier Cemetery, Cape Girardeau, Missouri.
Virginia/Jane BULL ANDERSON WILSON and her second husband, Benjamin WILSON, had two sons:
| William Berry WILSON, M.D., was born at Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, near the village of Appleton, January 12, 1831; In 1852 he graduated in the medical department of New York College, and practiced in Cape Girardeau County; he married first Ann Eliza JUDEN, about 1853, and after her death December 29, 1886, he married second Louise GIBONEY. Dr. William B. WILSON had unlimited passage through both Union and Confederate lines during the Civil War. He was a Grand Master Mason for 23 years. He died October 18, 1900, and is buried at Lorimier Cemetery in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. His children were all born of his first wife and were |
| Parrish Green WILSON, born October 8, 1833, was a lawyer and judge of the probate court in Bloomfield, Stoddard County, Missouri. He married four times, the first wife being Mary P. REEVES according to one listing and Elizabeth REAVES according to another, who died in 1857, and the second being Julia MARKETT, the third being Mary Louise YEARGIN, who died in 1888, and the fourth being Matilda EZZELL WAMBLE. He had one child by his first wife, that being |
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Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., was born September 26, 1814, in Sumner County, Tennessee, the son of Samuel ANDERSON and his wife Virginia/Jane BULL ANDERSON WILSON. He married Columbia Bell McFERRON ENGLISH, the widow of Joseph ENGLISH, October 4, 1836, in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri. Columbia, the daughter of Joseph McFERRON and wife Eve TYLER, was born in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, September 12, 1812, and she died November 27, 1891, buried Williams Chapel, Red River County, Texas, beside her husband who died August 15, 1890.
Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., born in Sumner County, Tennessee, grew up in Perry County, Missouri, and moved to Cape Girardeau County about 1834, where he met and married Columbia. When he was small and his family moved to Missouri, there were no schools, so he would go back to Tennessee to stay with his grandparents for school. He graduated from school in Gatlinburg. He was a minister and was sent to Texas as a missionary. He went to the gold rush in California as a chaplain and came back with fifty cents in his pocket. He preached in Red River County 36 years, being at one church twenty years. He organized the church at Old Salem, later Boxelder, in Red River County.
The following biography of Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., was copied and paraphrased from Texas Historical and Biographical Magazine, Copyright 1891, by J. B. LUNK, pages 315-318.
Rev. Thomas Wilson ANDERSON was born in Sumner County, Tennessee September 26, 1814. When he was quite a child his father and mother moved to Perry County, Missouri which was then on the frontier, with only a few settlers. A farm was opened in the forests, and father and mother and four children were very comfortably situated for citizens of a new country. When the subject of our sketch was nine years old, the family was visited by the grandfather from Tennessee. There being no schools in that part of Missouri he prevailed on the parents to let his grandson return with him that he might enjoy the advantages of school. Here he remained some years and then returned to his Missouri home in the forest.
The family were all devout Presbyterians and after some years a church of that order was organized and a very acceptable pastor secured. When young ANDERSON was about 17 years old, he went with his family as usual one Sunday to hear the pastor preach. The subject on this occasion was "The Mode of Baptism."
The article continues, saying that he went straight home although the rest of the family stayed to visit with others for the noon meal. He walked four miles home and immediately began reading the New Testament, reading it all the way through to find the passages about pouring as the preferred means of baptism. Not finding any, he read it through a second time, this time looking for infant baptism. The passage also discusses a concern about the doctrine of justification by works. He became a Baptist.
He was the first of a very large family who ever left the Presbyterian church. He felt strongly impressed to preach, and being conscious of a lack of sufficient education he returned to his native state and entered the academy at Gallatin, where he acquired a very good knowledge of the English language and made some progress in Latin and Greek. He removed to Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, about the year 1834, and began preaching in the new county at the age of 21 years. The next year he was married to Mrs. Columbia ENGLISH, with whom he lived until the day of his death. When he was 23 years of age he was called to ordination by the church at Cape Girardeau, Revs. T. P. GREEN and Peter WILLIAMS forming the presbytery.
From that time forward he lived and worked on a farm and preached to country churches and as missionary of the Association in Cape Girardeau, Stoddard, Scott, New Madrid and other counties. [Missouri]
In the year 1849, being in poor health, he joined a company going overland to the gold regions of California. Here he regained his health, and preached to the miners, and worked with them in their search for gold. After an absence of 18 months he returned to his family, and in October, 1852, immigrated to Texas. He settled in Red River County seven miles east of Clarksville, bought a farm and preached to country churches, prominent among which was the Concord Church in the community in which he lived, it being one of the oldest and most influential churches in North Texas at that time. At different times he was Missionary of the Red River Association and was several times elected its Moderator.
He built up the Salem church in Shawnee Prairie and preached 18 years there. In 1886 he and Columbia celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. On August 14, 1890 he died in the home of his son in law, B. S. POPE.
He was pre-eminently sound in the faith and never could endorse anything that savored of irregularity. Although naturally timid he never failed to align himself on the side of purity and orthodoxy, no matter what the cost might be. He was a close Bible student, a safe counselor, an earnest preacher and a self-sacrificing servant of God. He rests from his labors and his works do follow him.
A description of the Baptist church in Cape Girardeau, where Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., was minister before coming to Texas follows:
In 1839 a small plain brick Baptist church was built on Lorimier Street opposite and below the public library, where stones of the foundation may still be seen. This may have been the first Protestant church structure in town. It was on a high lot given by Thomas ANDERSON which washed so badly that it caused no end of trouble. This building was used until replaced by the one at Broadway and Spanish in the 1890's. The Baptist Association met in the building on Lorimier. A large crowd was in the building when suddenly the floor shivered and settled a bit. People panicked and rushed for the doors crushing and trampling each other in the process. Fortunately no one was seriously hurt. Examination showed that workmen had not finished the supports and had placed a temporary support atop a stump. The weight had split the stump allowing the floor to settle. The trouble was soon remedied. The bell of this church has an interesting story. Sometime in the 1840's Col. G. W. JUDEN with his daughter and some slaves went to the snag-filled "steamboat graveyard" just below Cape Girardeau and salvaged the bell from a sunken vessel, thought to have been the "Julius", whose upper deck was exposed at low water. The bell was moved to the new building at Broadway and Spanish and remains in use to this day.
An account of the family move from Cape Girardeau County, Missouri, to Red River County, Texas, is presented below, written by two nieces, the daughters of Columbia Bell McFERRON ENGLISH ANDERSON's sister, Erina McFERRON ENGLISH:
In the summer of 1852, Pa [Simeon ENGLISH] and Cousin Ol [Oliver ENGLISH] went on horseback to Texas, and went as far south as Smith County. They liked that part best of all and decided to move to that county. They returned to Missouri and prepared to move. In the middle of November the three families began the overland journey in wagons. The family of Simeon ENGLISH consisted of Himself and Erina, his wife, and the children--Effie, Jane, Joe, Bettie, myself (Lou, then 11 years old), John W., Maggie and Amelia. He also brought his Negro slaves, about twenty-five or thirty. The family of Rev. Thomas ANDERSON consisted of himself and wife, Columbia, and children-- Bettie, Sam, Alexander, Annie, Jason, Addie, and Oliver ENGLISH--Aunt Columbia's oldest child by her first marriage to my Uncle Joseph ENGLISH. The family of Robert ENGLISH consisted of himself and wife and five or six children. They stayed here seven years and then moved to the vicinity of Southern California....
Our place, four miles from Cape Girardeau, Missouri, was partly on the high land, and partly in the swamp, which was known as the old bed of the Mississippi River. It must have been an unhealthy place, for I can remember that Pa had a long spell of fever every summer....
The great amount of sickness in that county where we lived and also Pa's desire to become a cotton planter, which was then considered the most independent occupation, caused Pa to decide to move to Texas, which was then attracting a great deal of attention.
This led Pa and Cousin Oliver to make a trip to Texas in the summer of 1852. On their return to Missouri, preparations were made for the journey to Smith County, which was the county in which we intended to settle.
We started the middle of November and were on the road six weeks. Pa had four wagons with four horses to each, and a hack with two horses for the family.
Uncle Tommie and Cousin Robert had a wagon each.
Because of much rain, we often had to stop for creeks and rivers to run down, as there were no bridges, and the roads were merely places cut thru the timber, and often very rough.
The wagons were heavily loaded. In every wagon there was a Negro appointed to watch and lock the hind wheel of the wagon in descending steep hills. On one occasion, from some cause or other, one of the wagons was not locked. The wagon plunged upside down into a deep gully by the side of the road and killed a girl. The driver was riding on one of the horses, as was customary when driving a four-horse team. The horse fell on him, but he was not seriously hurt. He was a white man named Mitchell WADKINS, who was coming to Texas with us. This occurred near Black River near the Missouri line. After stopping a day or two to bury the girl, just this side of Black River the train moved slowly onward without any more serious accidents....
I remember crossing the White River, the Arkansas, and the Little Missouri, Little River, and Red River. At Little River I was frightened because of the bad road and steep banks. We had to ford it....
Cousin Robert ENGLISH and Uncle Tommie ANDERSON had been to California in 1849, and Cousin Robert wanted to go again, but decided to come first to Texas with Pa, and try this country....
My playmate, Sam ANDERSON, was eleven years old, full of energy, red-headed, freckled-faced, good-natured, and without fear or caution. While the wagons were moving, he would jump out of one of them and run and jump into another. Many a time I heard Ma say, "Columbia, if Providence doesn't take care of that boy he will be killed before we get to Texas". Providence took care of him. He grew up to be a very useful man; was the founder of Burleson College; and was a very able and influential Baptist preacher.
Ten miles this side of Little Rock Pa stopped to spend the night with his friend, Allen MARTIN, who formerly lived in Missouri. MARTIN was anxious to have Pa locate there, and told him of a place offered as a bargain. But Aunt Columbia was so afraid Pa might be persuaded to stay there she had all teams hitched up and ready to go, saying that she had started to Texas and didn't want to stop before reaching it. At this time she was so crippled with rheumatism that she had to be carried from camp to wagon. She soon recovered after reaching Texas, and enjoyed good health until her death at the age of 80.
We crossed Red River at what was then known as the Mill Creek crossing, near the mouth of Mill Creek, and traveled the old Mill Creek road until we came to the farm of Rev. William DUKE.
A few days before Christmas we reached the awfulest mudhole I had ever seen. It was the east edge of Rev. Wm. DUKE's land. A mile beyond we stopped in a postoak grove to camp for the night. We were then still on our way, as we thought, to Smith County, and no one had a thought of locating in Red River. But Sulphur was impassable, and the season was so far advanced that the three families decided to stop and make a crop before going farther. In fact, we didn't feel as if we were in Texas.
Uncle Tommie and Cousin Robert each rented a farm in the White Rock community just north of our camp, where the STILES, FARRYS and GIDDENS were then living. Shortly after this Uncle Tommie bought a farm in the White Rock community, which he later sold and moved to English.
In discussing early churches of Red River County, Pat B. CLARK reports, "I find that the Concord Baptist Church was organized in June, 1844. The land was donated for the church by Richard F. GIDDENS, who was born in North Carolina in 1798.... One of the early pastors was Thomas W. ANDERSON, the father of Sam ANDERSON, who was a noted Baptist minister and died several years ago. He was also the father of Jason ANDERSON, a well-known citizen of Clarksville.
The 1830 Cape Girardeau Census, page 449, shows Joseph ENGLISH with a male and a female, both age 20-30. In the 1850 census, Columbia is listed as the head of the family and Thomas is absent. Lou CLARK said Tommie ANDERSON went to California in 1849.
Columbia Bell McFERRON ENGLISH ANDERSON's first marriage, to Joseph ENGLISH, was March 10, 1829, at Cape Girardeau County Missouri. Joseph died November 4, 1834, having fathered one child. I have heard that Joseph left the property to Oliver should Columbia remarry, which she of course did. Her first husband was from a rather wealthy family; her second was a poor Baptist preacher, so in marrying him she gave up a comfortable lifestyle. Columbia's oldest child was:
|Oliver ENGLISH, born about 1831, never married. "When he became of age, Cousin Ol bought a tract of land where the village of English is now located, and moved his Negroes there." "Oliver English, a bachelor great uncle of Mama's, built a store and house on the same site as the store and STILES residence still stand. From that time the village was called ENGLISH." "In The Clarksville Times for October 2, 1975, DeWitt MEDFORD quotes from the Handbook of Texas, 'In 1862 Oliver English and his Uncle Simeon ENGLISH brought three families and thirty slaves to open plantations of 2,000 acres' to this area. However, deed records show that it was not until 1867 that Oliver ENGLISH acquired the land on which he built his store and homeplace. This land was acquired in that year by a big land swap between Mr. ENGLISH and A. J. WILLIAMS wherein Mr. ENGLISH received 628 acres for 426 acres (valued at $4,000) located northwest of present day English. This was land on which Mr. ENGLISH had resided for a number of years according to the deed.... However Mr. MEDFORD reported that records of the U. S. Post Office at English had been established in March, 1872 under the name Annona with Oliver ENGLISH as postmaster and that a story handed down says the name was a composite of the names of Bachelor ENGLISH's two sweethearts, Ann and Ona. Mr. MEDFORD also said that a voting box list in 1892 refers to English as Old Annona though he believed the community by this time was called English. A deed dated 1883 mentions a pasture located 1/4 mile west of English store." The 1860 Red River County Census shows him single, farmer, land $10,000, personalty $7,500, with A. J. TRICKEY, overseer, living with him. The 1880 census shows him alone with several servants.|
Children born to Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Sr., and his wife Columbia Bell McFERRON ENGLISH ANDERSON include the following:
|Amanda E. ANDERSON, who was born in 1837 and died in 1839,|
| Elizabeth J. ANDERSON WOOTEN CONLY, born October 12, 1839, in Missouri. She married first Judge J. B. WOOTEN, and second Billy CONLY. She died May 28, 1889, and her children were orphaned and raised by T.W.'s other children. Her children included |
Rev. Samuel Joseph ANDERSON, born September 4, 1841, in Missouri; married first Mattie L. CONLY, July 25, 1866, and second Virginia Irene (Jennie) LACY, November 15, 1871. Sam died March 15, 1907. His children included |
|Richard Alexander ANDERSON, born 1843 in Missouri, died 1862, unmarried. This child is called Alexander by Lou E. CLARK, A.B. age 7 in the 1850 census, and Richard age 17 in the 1860 census.|
| Sarah Ann "Annie" ANDERSON STATLER, born August 12, 1846, in Missouri, married John Brown STATLER, January 30, 1867. Her children were |
|James Carey ANDERSON was born and died in 1845.|
| Jason McFerron ANDERSON, born 1849 in Missouri, married Sarah "Sadie" WILLIAMS, sister of Emma WILLIAMS ANDERSON (see following section) in 1875; Jason died in 1925 and is buried Clarksville Cemetery. Their children, the double first cousins of my grandfather grandfather, were the |
| Columbia Adelia (Addie/Addy) ANDERSON POPE, was born September 5, 1852, in Missouri, and married Bob Smith POPE December 15, 1872. Her children were |
|Thomas Wilson ANDERSON, Jr., born October 25, 1855, married Emma WILLIAMS January 9, 1882, and died December 4, 1908. He and Emma are the subject of the following section.|
The 1880 Red River County census,
That's what's meant by an extended family! My mother Alma Ellen ANDERSON BREEDLOVE said, "Dad, Floss, Estelle, and Cousin Hugh (who was a favorite of mine) recalled having been able to name 52 first cousins living within Red River County."
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